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Matlab Clear Multi Turn Protocol 2.0

Sample code

%
% clear_multi_turn.m
%
%  Created on: 2018. 11. 23.
%      Author: Ki Jong Gil (Gilbert)

%
% *********     Clear Multi-Turn Example      *********
%
%
% Available Dynamixel model on this example : Dynamixel X-series (firmware v42 or above)
% This example is designed for using a Dynamixel XM430-W350-R, and an U2D2.
% To use another Dynamixel model, such as MX series, see their details in E-Manual(emanual.robotis.com) and edit below "#define"d variables yourself.
% Be sure that Dynamixel properties are already set as %% ID : 1 / Baudnum : 1 (Baudrate : 57600)
%

clc;
clear all;

lib_name = '';

if strcmp(computer, 'PCWIN')
  lib_name = 'dxl_x86_c';
elseif strcmp(computer, 'PCWIN64')
  lib_name = 'dxl_x64_c';
elseif strcmp(computer, 'GLNX86')
  lib_name = 'libdxl_x86_c';
elseif strcmp(computer, 'GLNXA64')
  lib_name = 'libdxl_x64_c';
elseif strcmp(computer, 'MACI64')
  lib_name = 'libdxl_mac_c';
end

% Load Libraries
if ~libisloaded(lib_name)
    [notfound, warnings] = loadlibrary(lib_name, 'dynamixel_sdk.h', 'addheader', 'port_handler.h', 'addheader', 'packet_handler.h');
end

% Control table address
ADDR_OPERATING_MODE          = 11;           % Control table address is different in Dynamixel model
ADDR_TORQUE_ENABLE           = 64;         
ADDR_GOAL_POSITION           = 116;
ADDR_PRESENT_POSITION        = 132;

% Protocol version
PROTOCOL_VERSION             = 2.0;          % See which protocol version is used in the Dynamixel

% Default setting
DXL_ID                       = 1;            % Dynamixel ID: 1
BAUDRATE                     = 57600;
DEVICENAME                   = 'COM1';       % Check which port is being used on your controller
                                             % ex) Windows: 'COM1'   Linux: '/dev/ttyUSB0' Mac: '/dev/tty.usbserial-*'

TORQUE_ENABLE                = 1;            % Value for enabling the torque
TORQUE_DISABLE               = 0;            % Value for disabling the torque
MAX_POSITION_VALUE           = 1048575;      
DXL_MOVING_STATUS_THRESHOLD  = 20;           % Dynamixel moving status threshold
EXT_POSITION_CONTROL_MODE    = 4;            % Value for extended position control mode (operating mode)

ESC_CHARACTER                = 'e';          % Key for escaping loop
SPACE_ASCII_VALUE            = ' ';

COMM_SUCCESS                 = 0;            % Communication Success result value
COMM_TX_FAIL                 = -1001;        % Communication Tx Failed

% Initialize PortHandler Structs
% Set the port path
% Get methods and members of PortHandlerLinux or PortHandlerWindows
port_num = portHandler(DEVICENAME);

% Initialize PacketHandler Structs
packetHandler();

dxl_comm_result = COMM_TX_FAIL;              % Communication result
       
dxl_error = 0;                              % Dynamixel error
dxl_present_position = 0;                   % Present position

% Open port
if (openPort(port_num))
    fprintf('Succeeded to open the port!\n');
else
    unloadlibrary(lib_name);
    fprintf('Failed to open the port!\n');
    input('Press any key to terminate...\n');
    return;
end

% Set port baudrate
if (setBaudRate(port_num, BAUDRATE))
    fprintf('Succeeded to change the baudrate!\n');
else
    unloadlibrary(lib_name);
    fprintf('Failed to change the baudrate!\n');
    input('Press any key to terminate...\n');
    return;
end

% Set operating mode to extended position control mode
write1ByteTxRx(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION, DXL_ID, ADDR_OPERATING_MODE, EXT_POSITION_CONTROL_MODE);
dxl_comm_result = getLastTxRxResult(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION);
dxl_error = getLastRxPacketError(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION);
if dxl_comm_result ~= COMM_SUCCESS
    fprintf('%s\n', getTxRxResult(PROTOCOL_VERSION, dxl_comm_result));
elseif dxl_error ~= 0
    fprintf('%s\n', getRxPacketError(PROTOCOL_VERSION, dxl_error));
else
    fprintf('Operating mode changed to extended position control mode. \n');
end

% Enable Dynamixel Torque
write1ByteTxRx(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION, DXL_ID, ADDR_TORQUE_ENABLE, TORQUE_ENABLE);
dxl_comm_result = getLastTxRxResult(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION);
dxl_error = getLastRxPacketError(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION);
if dxl_comm_result ~= COMM_SUCCESS
    fprintf('%s\n', getTxRxResult(PROTOCOL_VERSION, dxl_comm_result));
elseif dxl_error ~= 0
    fprintf('%s\n', getRxPacketError(PROTOCOL_VERSION, dxl_error));
else
    fprintf('Dynamixel has been successfully connected \n');
end

while 1
    if input('\nPress any key to continue! (or input e to quit!)', 's') == ESC_CHARACTER
        break;
    end

    fprintf('  Press SPACE key to clear multi-turn information! (or press e to stop!)');
    
    % Write goal position
    write4ByteTxRx(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION, DXL_ID, ADDR_GOAL_POSITION, MAX_POSITION_VALUE);
    dxl_comm_result = getLastTxRxResult(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION);
    dxl_error = getLastRxPacketError(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION);
    if dxl_comm_result ~= COMM_SUCCESS
        fprintf('%s\n', getTxRxResult(PROTOCOL_VERSION, dxl_comm_result));
    elseif dxl_error ~= 0
        fprintf('%s\n', getRxPacketError(PROTOCOL_VERSION, dxl_error));
    end

    while 1
        ch = -1;
        % Read present position
        dxl_present_position = read4ByteTxRx(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION, DXL_ID, ADDR_PRESENT_POSITION);
        dxl_comm_result = getLastTxRxResult(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION);
        dxl_error = getLastRxPacketError(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION);
        if dxl_comm_result ~= COMM_SUCCESS
            fprintf('%s\n', getTxRxResult(PROTOCOL_VERSION, dxl_comm_result));
        elseif dxl_error ~= 0
            fprintf('%s\n', getRxPacketError(PROTOCOL_VERSION, dxl_error));
        end

        fprintf('\r  [ID:%03d] GoalPos:%03d  PresPos:%03d', DXL_ID, MAX_POSITION_VALUE, dxl_present_position);
        ch = kbhit(0.2);
        if ch == SPACE_ASCII_VALUE
            fprintf('\n  Stop & Clear Multi-Turn Information! \n');
            
            % Write the present position to the goal position to stop moving
            write4ByteTxRx(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION, DXL_ID, ADDR_GOAL_POSITION,  typecast(uint32(dxl_present_position), 'int32'));
            dxl_comm_result = getLastTxRxResult(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION);
            dxl_error = getLastRxPacketError(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION);
            if dxl_comm_result ~= COMM_SUCCESS
                fprintf('%s\n', getTxRxResult(PROTOCOL_VERSION, dxl_comm_result));
            elseif dxl_error ~= 0
                fprintf('%s\n', getRxPacketError(PROTOCOL_VERSION, dxl_error));
            end
            
            pause(0.5);
            
            % Clear Multi-Turn Information
            clearMultiTurn(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION, DXL_ID);
            dxl_comm_result = getLastTxRxResult(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION);
            dxl_error = getLastRxPacketError(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION);
            if dxl_comm_result ~= COMM_SUCCESS
                fprintf('%s\n', getTxRxResult(PROTOCOL_VERSION, dxl_comm_result));
            elseif dxl_error ~= 0
                fprintf('%s\n', getRxPacketError(PROTOCOL_VERSION, dxl_error));
            end
            
            % Read present position
            dxl_present_position = read4ByteTxRx(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION, DXL_ID, ADDR_PRESENT_POSITION);
            dxl_comm_result = getLastTxRxResult(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION);
            dxl_error = getLastRxPacketError(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION);
            if dxl_comm_result ~= COMM_SUCCESS
                fprintf('%s\n', getTxRxResult(PROTOCOL_VERSION, dxl_comm_result));
            elseif dxl_error ~= 0
                fprintf('%s\n', getRxPacketError(PROTOCOL_VERSION, dxl_error));
            end
            
            fprintf('  Present Position has been reset. : %03d \n', dxl_present_position);
            break;
            
        elseif ch == ESC_CHARACTER
            fprintf('\n  Stopped!! \n');
            
            % Write the present position to the goal position to stop moving
            write4ByteTxRx(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION, DXL_ID, ADDR_GOAL_POSITION,  typecast(uint32(dxl_present_position), 'int32'));
            dxl_comm_result = getLastTxRxResult(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION);
            dxl_error = getLastRxPacketError(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION);
            if dxl_comm_result ~= COMM_SUCCESS
                fprintf('%s\n', getTxRxResult(PROTOCOL_VERSION, dxl_comm_result));
            elseif dxl_error ~= 0
                fprintf('%s\n', getRxPacketError(PROTOCOL_VERSION, dxl_error));
            end
            break;
        end
                
        if ~(abs(MAX_POSITION_VALUE - typecast(uint32(dxl_present_position), 'int32')) > DXL_MOVING_STATUS_THRESHOLD)
            break;
        end
    end
end    


% Disable Dynamixel Torque
write1ByteTxRx(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION, DXL_ID, ADDR_TORQUE_ENABLE, TORQUE_DISABLE);
dxl_comm_result = getLastTxRxResult(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION);
dxl_error = getLastRxPacketError(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION);
if dxl_comm_result ~= COMM_SUCCESS
    fprintf('%s\n', getTxRxResult(PROTOCOL_VERSION, dxl_comm_result));
elseif dxl_error ~= 0
    fprintf('%s\n', getRxPacketError(PROTOCOL_VERSION, dxl_error));
end

% Close port
closePort(port_num);

% Unload Library
unloadlibrary(lib_name);

close all;

function ch = kbhit(m) 
% GETKEYWAIT - get a key within a time limit
%   CH = GETKEYWAIT(P) waits for a keypress for a maximum of P seconds. P
%   should be a positive number. CH is a double representing the key
%   pressed key as an ascii number, including backspace (8), space (32),
%   enter (13), etc. If a non-ascii key (Ctrl, Alt, etc.) is pressed, CH
%   will be NaN.
%   If no key is pressed within P seconds, -1 is returned, and if something
%   went wrong during excution 0 is returned. 
%
%  See also INPUT,
%           GETKEY (FileExchange)
% tested for Matlab 6.5 and higher
% version 2.1 (jan 2012)
% author : Jos van der Geest
% email  : jos@jasen.nl
% History
% 1.0 (2005) creation
% 2.0 (apr 2009) - expanded error check on input argument, changed return
% values when a non-ascii was pressed (now NaN), or when something went
% wrong (now 0); added comments ; slight change in coding
% 2.1 (jan 2012) - modified a few properties, included check is figure
%                  still exists (after comment on GETKEY on FEX by Andrew). 
% check input argument
    narginchk(1,1) ;
    if numel(m)~=1 || ~isnumeric(m) || ~isfinite(m) || m <= 0,    
        error('Argument should be a single positive number.') ;
    end
    % set up the timer
    tt = timer ;
    tt.timerfcn = 'uiresume' ;
    tt.startdelay = m ;            
    % Set up the figure
    % May be the position property should be individually tweaked to avoid visibility
    callstr = 'set(gcbf,''Userdata'',double(get(gcbf,''Currentcharacter''))) ; uiresume ' ;
    fh = figure(...
        'name','Press a key', ...
        'keypressfcn',callstr, ...
        'windowstyle','modal',... 
        'numbertitle','off', ...
        'position',[0 0  1 1],...
        'userdata',-1) ; 
    try
        % Wait for something to happen or the timer to run out
        start(tt) ;    
        uiwait ;
        ch = get(fh,'Userdata') ;
        if isempty(ch), % a non-ascii key was pressed, return a NaN
            ch = NaN ;
        end
    catch
        % Something went wrong, return zero.
        ch = 0 ;
    end
    % clean up the timer ...
    stop(tt) ;
    delete(tt) ; 
    % ... and figure
    if ishandle(fh)
        delete(fh) ;
    end
end

Details

% Load Libraries

lib_name = '';

if strcmp(computer, 'PCWIN')
  lib_name = 'dxl_x86_c';
elseif strcmp(computer, 'PCWIN64')
  lib_name = 'dxl_x64_c';
elseif strcmp(computer, 'GLNX86')
  lib_name = 'libdxl_x86_c';
elseif strcmp(computer, 'GLNXA64')
  lib_name = 'libdxl_x64_c';
elseif strcmp(computer, 'MACI64')
  lib_name = 'libdxl_mac_c';
end

if ~libisloaded('dxl_x86_c');
    [notfound, warnings] = loadlibrary('dxl_x86_c', 'dynamixel_sdk.h', 'addheader', 'port_handler.h', 'addheader', 'packet_handler.h');
end

This example uses dynamixel library imported by loadlibrary().

% Control table address
ADDR_OPERATING_MODE          = 11;           % Control table address is different in Dynamixel model
ADDR_TORQUE_ENABLE           = 64;         
ADDR_GOAL_POSITION           = 116;
ADDR_PRESENT_POSITION        = 132;

Dynamixel series have their own control tables: Addresses and Byte Length in each items. To control one of the items, its address (and length if necessary) is required. Find your requirements in http://emanual.robotis.com/.

% Protocol version
PROTOCOL_VERSION            = 2.0;          % See which protocol version is used in the Dynamixel

Dynamixel uses either or both protocols: Protocol 1.0 and Protocol 2.0. Choose one of the Protocol which is appropriate in the Dynamixel.

% Default setting
DXL_ID                       = 1;            % Dynamixel ID: 1
BAUDRATE                     = 1000000;
DEVICENAME                   = 'COM1';       % Check which port is being used on your controller
                                             % ex) Windows: 'COM1'   Linux: '/dev/ttyUSB0' Mac: '/dev/tty.usbserial-*'

TORQUE_ENABLE                = 1;            % Value for enabling the torque
TORQUE_DISABLE               = 0;            % Value for disabling the torque
MAX_POSITION_VALUE           = 1048575;      
DXL_MOVING_STATUS_THRESHOLD  = 20;           % Dynamixel moving status threshold
EXT_POSITION_CONTROL_MODE    = 4;            % Value for extended position control mode (operating mode)

ESC_CHARACTER                = 'e';          % Key for escaping loop
SPACE_ASCII_VALUE            = ' ';

Here we set some variables to let you freely change them and use them to run the example code.

As the document already said in previous chapter, customize Dynamixel control table items, such as DXL_ID number, communication BAUDRATE, and the DEVICENAME, on your own terms of needs. In particular, BAUDRATE and DEVICENAME have systematical dependencies on your controller, so make clear what kind of communication method you will use.

Dynamixel basically needs the TORQUE_ENABLE to be rotating or give you its internal information. On the other hand, it doesn’t need torque enabled if you get your goal, so finally do TORQUE_DISABLE to prepare to the next sequence.

Since the Dynamixel has its own rotation range, it may shows malfunction if your request on your dynamixel is out of range. For example, Dynamixel MX-28 and Dynamixel PRO 54-200 has its rotatable range as 0 ~ 4028 and -250950 ~ 250950, each.

DXL_MOVING_STATUS_THRESHOLD acts as a criteria for verifying its rotation stopped. EXT_POSITION_CONTROL_MODE acts as a position control Mode.

COMM_SUCCESS                = 0;            % Communication Success result value
COMM_TX_FAIL                = -1001;        % Communication Tx Failed

Each of the variables above show the meaning of the communication result value.

% Initialize PortHandler Structs
% Set the port path
% Get methods and members of PortHandlerLinux or PortHandlerWindows
port_num = portHandler(DEVICENAME);

portHandler() function sets port path as DEVICENAME and get port_num, and prepares an appropriate functions for port control in controller OS automatically. port_num would be used in many functions in the body of the code to specify the port for use.

% Initialize PacketHandler Structs
packetHandler();

packetHandler() function initializes parameters used for packet construction and packet storing.

dxl_comm_result = COMM_TX_FAIL;              % Communication result
       
dxl_error = 0;                              % Dynamixel error
dxl_present_position = 0;                   % Present position

dxl_comm_result indicates which error has been occurred during packet communication.

dxl_error shows the internal error in Dynamixel.

dxl_present_position views where now it points out.

% Open port
if (openPort(port_num))
    fprintf('Succeeded to open the port!\n');
else
    unloadlibrary('dxl_x86_c');
    fprintf('Failed to open the port!\n');
    input('Press any key to terminate...\n');
    return;
end

First, controller opens #port_num port to do serial communication with the Dynamixel. If it fails to open the port, the example will be terminated.

% Set port baudrate
if (setBaudRate(port_num, BAUDRATE))
    fprintf('Succeeded to change the baudrate!\n');
else
    unloadlibrary('dxl_x86_c');
    fprintf('Failed to change the baudrate!\n');
    input('Press any key to terminate...\n');
    return;
end

Secondly, the controller sets the communication BAUDRATE at #port_num port opened previously.

% Set operating mode to extended position control mode
write1ByteTxRx(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION, DXL_ID, ADDR_OPERATING_MODE, EXT_POSITION_CONTROL_MODE);
dxl_comm_result = getLastTxRxResult(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION);
dxl_error = getLastRxPacketError(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION);
if dxl_comm_result ~= COMM_SUCCESS
    fprintf('%s\n', getTxRxResult(PROTOCOL_VERSION, dxl_comm_result));
elseif dxl_error ~= 0
    fprintf('%s\n', getRxPacketError(PROTOCOL_VERSION, dxl_error));
else
    fprintf('Operating mode changed to extended position control mode. \n');
end

The controller sets the operating mode as Extended Position Control Mode(Multi-turn).

% Enable Dynamixel Torque
write1ByteTxRx(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION, DXL_ID, ADDR_TORQUE_ENABLE, TORQUE_ENABLE);
if getLastTxRxResult(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION) ~= COMM_SUCCESS
    printTxRxResult(PROTOCOL_VERSION, getLastTxRxResult(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION));
elseif getLastRxPacketError(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION) ~= 0
    printRxPacketError(PROTOCOL_VERSION, getLastRxPacketError(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION));
else
    fprintf('Dynamixel has been successfully connected \n');
end

As mentioned in the document, above code enables Dynamixel torque to set its status as being ready to move.

write1ByteTxRx() function orders to the #DXL_ID Dynamixel in PROTOCOL_VERSION communication protocol through #port_num port, writing 1 byte of TORQUE_ENABLE value to ADDR_TORQUE_ENABLE address. The function checks Tx/Rx result and receives Hardware error. getLastTxRxResult() function and getLastRxPacketError() function get either.

while 1
    if input('\nPress any key to continue! (or input e to quit!)', 's') == ESC_CHARACTER
        break;
    end

    fprintf('  Press SPACE key to clear multi-turn information! (or press e to stop!)');
    
    % Write goal position
    write4ByteTxRx(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION, DXL_ID, ADDR_GOAL_POSITION, MAX_POSITION_VALUE);
    dxl_comm_result = getLastTxRxResult(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION);
    dxl_error = getLastRxPacketError(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION);
    if dxl_comm_result ~= COMM_SUCCESS
        fprintf('%s\n', getTxRxResult(PROTOCOL_VERSION, dxl_comm_result));
    elseif dxl_error ~= 0
        fprintf('%s\n', getRxPacketError(PROTOCOL_VERSION, dxl_error));
    end

    while 1
        ch = -1;
        % Read present position
        dxl_present_position = read4ByteTxRx(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION, DXL_ID, ADDR_PRESENT_POSITION);
        dxl_comm_result = getLastTxRxResult(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION);
        dxl_error = getLastRxPacketError(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION);
        if dxl_comm_result ~= COMM_SUCCESS
            fprintf('%s\n', getTxRxResult(PROTOCOL_VERSION, dxl_comm_result));
        elseif dxl_error ~= 0
            fprintf('%s\n', getRxPacketError(PROTOCOL_VERSION, dxl_error));
        end

        fprintf('\r  [ID:%03d] GoalPos:%03d  PresPos:%03d', DXL_ID, MAX_POSITION_VALUE, dxl_present_position);
        ch = kbhit(0.2);
        if ch == SPACE_ASCII_VALUE
            fprintf('\n  Stop & Clear Multi-Turn Information! \n');
            
            % Write the present position to the goal position to stop moving
            write4ByteTxRx(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION, DXL_ID, ADDR_GOAL_POSITION,  typecast(uint32(dxl_present_position), 'int32'));
            dxl_comm_result = getLastTxRxResult(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION);
            dxl_error = getLastRxPacketError(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION);
            if dxl_comm_result ~= COMM_SUCCESS
                fprintf('%s\n', getTxRxResult(PROTOCOL_VERSION, dxl_comm_result));
            elseif dxl_error ~= 0
                fprintf('%s\n', getRxPacketError(PROTOCOL_VERSION, dxl_error));
            end
            
            pause(0.5);
            
            % Clear Multi-Turn Information
            clearMultiTurn(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION, DXL_ID);
            dxl_comm_result = getLastTxRxResult(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION);
            dxl_error = getLastRxPacketError(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION);
            if dxl_comm_result ~= COMM_SUCCESS
                fprintf('%s\n', getTxRxResult(PROTOCOL_VERSION, dxl_comm_result));
            elseif dxl_error ~= 0
                fprintf('%s\n', getRxPacketError(PROTOCOL_VERSION, dxl_error));
            end
            
            % Read present position
            dxl_present_position = read4ByteTxRx(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION, DXL_ID, ADDR_PRESENT_POSITION);
            dxl_comm_result = getLastTxRxResult(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION);
            dxl_error = getLastRxPacketError(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION);
            if dxl_comm_result ~= COMM_SUCCESS
                fprintf('%s\n', getTxRxResult(PROTOCOL_VERSION, dxl_comm_result));
            elseif dxl_error ~= 0
                fprintf('%s\n', getRxPacketError(PROTOCOL_VERSION, dxl_error));
            end
            
            fprintf('  Present Position has been reset. : %03d \n', dxl_present_position);
            break;
            
        elseif ch == ESC_CHARACTER
            fprintf('\n  Stopped!! \n');
            
            % Write the present position to the goal position to stop moving
            write4ByteTxRx(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION, DXL_ID, ADDR_GOAL_POSITION,  typecast(uint32(dxl_present_position), 'int32'));
            dxl_comm_result = getLastTxRxResult(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION);
            dxl_error = getLastRxPacketError(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION);
            if dxl_comm_result ~= COMM_SUCCESS
                fprintf('%s\n', getTxRxResult(PROTOCOL_VERSION, dxl_comm_result));
            elseif dxl_error ~= 0
                fprintf('%s\n', getRxPacketError(PROTOCOL_VERSION, dxl_error));
            end
            break;
        end
                
        if ~(abs(MAX_POSITION_VALUE - typecast(uint32(dxl_present_position), 'int32')) > DXL_MOVING_STATUS_THRESHOLD)
            break;
        end
    end
end    

During while() loop, the controller wait to any key input for start while() and writes and reads the Dynamixel position through packet transmission/reception(Tx/Rx).

To continue its rotation, press any key except ESC.

write4ByteTxRx() function orders to the #DXL_ID Dynamixel in PROTOCOL_VERSION communication protocol through #port_num port, writing 4 byte of MAX_POSITION_VALUE value to ADDR_GOAL_POSITION address. The function checks Tx/Rx result and receives Hardware error. getLastTxRxResult() function and getLastRxPacketError() function get either.

read4ByteTxRx() function orders to the #DXL_ID Dynamixel in PROTOCOL_VERSION communication protocol through #port_num port, requesting 4 bytes of value in ADDR_PRESENT_POSITION address. The function checks Tx/Rx result and receives Hardware error. getLastTxRxResult() function and getLastRxPacketError() function get either.

When the space key input, write4ByteTxRx() function orders to the #DXL_ID Dynamixel in PROTOCOL_VERSION communication protocol through #port_num port, writing 4 byte of dxl_present_position value to ADDR_GOAL_POSITION address. The function checks Tx/Rx result and receives Hardware error. getLastTxRxResult() function and getLastRxPacketError() function get either. And then clearMultiTurn() function orders to the #DXL_ID Dynamixel in PROTOCOL_VERSION communication protocol through #port_num port.

Reading its present position will be ended when absolute value of (MAX_POSITION_VALUE - dxl_present_position) becomes smaller then DXL_MOVING_STATUS_THRESHOLD.

% Disable Dynamixel Torque
write1ByteTxRx(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION, DXL_ID, ADDR_TORQUE_ENABLE, TORQUE_DISABLE);
if getLastTxRxResult(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION) ~= COMM_SUCCESS
    printTxRxResult(PROTOCOL_VERSION, getLastTxRxResult(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION));
elseif getLastRxPacketError(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION) ~= 0
    printRxPacketError(PROTOCOL_VERSION, getLastRxPacketError(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION));
end

The controller frees the Dynamixel to be idle.

write1ByteTxRx() function orders to the #DXL_ID Dynamixel in PROTOCOL_VERSION communication protocol through #port_num port, writing 1 byte of TORQUE_DISABLE value to ADDR_TORQUE_ENABLE address. The function checks Tx/Rx result and receives Hardware error. getLastTxRxResult() function and getLastRxPacketError() function get either.

% Close port
closePort(port_num);

Finally, port becomes disposed.

% Unload Library
unloadlibrary('dxl_x86_c');

Unload the library to make it reaccessible.