Edit on GitHub


Click here to expand more details about each features

World’s Most Popular ROS Platform

  • TurtleBot is the most popular open source robot for education and research. The new generation TurtleBot3 is a small, low cost, fully programmable, ROS based mobile robot. It is intended to be used for education, research, hobby and product prototyping.

Affordable Cost

  • TurtleBot was developed to meet the cost-conscious needs of schools, laboratories and companies. TurtleBot3 is the most affordable robot among the SLAM-able mobile robots equipped with a 360° Laser Distance Sensor LDS-01.

Small Size

  • The dimension of TurtleBot3 Burger is only 138mm x 178mm x 192mm (L x W x H). Its size is about 1/4 of the size of the predecessor. Imagine keeping TurtleBot3 in your backpack and develop your program and test it anywhere you go.

ROS Standard

  • The TurtleBot brand is managed by Open Robotics, which develops and maintains ROS. Nowadays, ROS has become the go-to platform for all the roboticists around the world. TurtleBot can be integrated with existing ROS-based robot components, but TurtleBot3 can be an affordable platform for whom want to get started learning ROS.


  • TurtleBot3 encourages users to customize its mechanical structure with some alternative options: open source embedded board (as a control board), computer and sensors. TurtleBot3 Burger is a two-wheeled differential drive type platform but it is able to be structurally and mechanically customized in many ways: Cars, Bikes, Trailers and so on. Extend your ideas beyond imagination with various SBC, sensors and motors on a scalable structure.

Modular Actuator for Mobile Robot

  • TurtleBot3 is able to get a precise spatial data by using 2 DYNAMIXEL’s in the wheel joints. DYNAMIXEL XM series can be operated by one of 6 operating modes(XL series: 4 operating modes): Velocity control mode for wheels, Torque control mode or Position control mode for joint, etc. DYNAMIXEL can be used even to make a mobile manipulator which is light but can be precisely controlled with velocity, torque and position control. DYNAMIXEL is a core component that makes TurtleBot3 perfect. It is easy to assemble, maintain, replace and reconfigure.

Open Control Board for ROS

  • The control board is open-sourced in hardware wise and in software wise for ROS communication. The open source control board OpenCR1.0 is powerful enough to control not only DYNAMIXEL’s but also ROBOTIS sensors that are frequently being used for basic recognition tasks in cost effective way. Various sensors such as Touch sensor, Infrared sensor, Color sensor and a handful more are available. The OpenCR1.0 has an IMU sensor inside the board so that it can enhance precise control for countless applications. The board has 3.3V, 5V, 12V power supplies to reinforce the available computer device lineups.

Strong Sensor Lineups

  • TurtleBot3 Burger uses enhanced 360° LiDAR, 9-Axis Inertial Measurement Unit and precise encoder for your research and development. TurtleBot3 Waffle is equipped with an identical 360° LiDAR as well but additionally proposes a powerful Intel® RealSense™ with the recognition SDK. TurtleBot3 Waffle Pi uses high utilized Raspberry Pi Camera. This will be the best hardware solution for making a mobile robot.

Open Source

  • The hardware, firmware and software of TurtleBot3 are open source which means that users are welcomed to download, modify and share source codes. All components of TurtleBot3 are manufactured with injection molded plastic to achieve low cost, however, the 3D CAD data is also available for 3D printing.
    The 3D CAD data is released via Onshape which is a full-cloud 3D CAD editor. Users can get an access with a web browser on desktop PC, laptop and even portable devices. Onshape allows to draw 3D models and to assemble them with colleagues. Besides, for the users who want to make OpenCR1.0 board by themselves, all details of the OpenCR1.0 board such as schematics, PCB gerber files, BOM and firmware source code are fully opened under the open-source licenses for users and ROS community. You can modify downloaded source code and hardware to share it with your friends.


Hardware Specifications

Items Burger Waffle Pi
Maximum translational velocity 0.22 m/s 0.26 m/s
Maximum rotational velocity 2.84 rad/s (162.72 deg/s) 1.82 rad/s (104.27 deg/s)
Maximum payload 15kg 30kg
Size (L x W x H) 138mm x 178mm x 192mm 281mm x 306mm x 141mm
Weight (+ SBC + Battery + Sensors) 1kg 1.8kg
Threshold of climbing 10 mm or lower 10 mm or lower
Expected operating time 2h 30m 2h
Expected charging time 2h 30m 2h 30m
SBC (Single Board Computers) Raspberry Pi Raspberry Pi
MCU 32-bit ARM Cortex®-M7 with FPU (216 MHz, 462 DMIPS) 32-bit ARM Cortex®-M7 with FPU (216 MHz, 462 DMIPS)
Remote Controller - RC-100B + BT-410 Set (Bluetooth 4, BLE)
Actuator XL430-W250 XM430-W210
LDS(Laser Distance Sensor) 360 Laser Distance Sensor LDS-01 or LDS-02 360 Laser Distance Sensor LDS-01 or LDS-02
Camera - Raspberry Pi Camera Module v2.1
IMU Gyroscope 3 Axis
Accelerometer 3 Axis
Gyroscope 3 Axis
Accelerometer 3 Axis
Power connectors 3.3V / 800mA
5V / 4A
12V / 1A
3.3V / 800mA
5V / 4A
12V / 1A
Expansion pins GPIO 18 pins
Arduino 32 pin
GPIO 18 pins
Arduino 32 pin
Peripheral UART x3, CAN x1, SPI x1, I2C x1, ADC x5, 5pin OLLO x4 UART x3, CAN x1, SPI x1, I2C x1, ADC x5, 5pin OLLO x4
DYNAMIXEL ports RS485 x 3, TTL x 3 RS485 x 3, TTL x 3
Audio Several programmable beep sequences Several programmable beep sequences
Programmable LEDs User LED x 4 User LED x 4
Status LEDs Board status LED x 1
Arduino LED x 1
Power LED x 1
Board status LED x 1
Arduino LED x 1
Power LED x 1
Buttons and Switches Push buttons x 2, Reset button x 1, Dip switch x 2 Push buttons x 2, Reset button x 1, Dip switch x 2
Battery Lithium polymer 11.1V 1800mAh / 19.98Wh 5C Lithium polymer 11.1V 1800mAh / 19.98Wh 5C
PC connection USB USB
Firmware upgrade via USB / via JTAG via USB / via JTAG
Power adapter (SMPS) Input : 100-240V, AC 50/60Hz, 1.5A @max
Output : 12V DC, 5A
Input : 100-240V, AC 50/60Hz, 1.5A @max
Output : 12V DC, 5A

Dimension and Mass

Data of TurtleBot3 Burger

Data of TurtleBot3 Waffle Pi


Parts List

TurtleBot3 is available in two types of models: Burger and Waffle Pi.
The following table shows the lists of components. The major differences between two models are the actuators, the SBC(Single Board Computer) and the Sensors.

  Part Name Burger Waffle Pi
Chassis Parts Waffle Plate 8 24
. Plate Support M3x35mm 4 12
. Plate Support M3x45mm 10 10
. PCB Support 12 12
. Wheel 2 2
. Tire 2 2
. Ball Caster 1 2
. Camera Bracket 0 1
Motors DYNAMIXEL (XL430-W250-T) 2 0
. DYNAMIXEL (XM430-W210-T) 0 2
Boards OpenCR1.0 1 1
. *Raspberry Pi 1 1
. USB2LDS 1 1
Remote Controllers BT-410 Set (Bluetooth 4, BLE) 0 1
. RC-100B (Remote Controller) 0 1
Sensors **LDS-01 or LDS-02 1 1
. Raspberry Pi Camera v2.1 0 1
Memorys MicroSD Card 1 1
Cables Raspberry Pi Power Cable 1 1
. Li-Po Battery Extension Cable 1 1
. DYNAMIXEL to OpenCR Cable 2 2
. USB Cable 2 2
. Camera Cable 0 1
Powers SMPS 12V5A 1 1
. A/C Cord 1 1
. LIPO Battery 11.1V 1,800mAh 1 1
. LIPO Battery Charger 1 1
Tools Screw driver 1 1
. Rivet tool 1 1
Miscellaneous PH_M2x4mm_K 8 8
. PH_T2x6mm_K 4 8
. PH_M2x12mm_K 0 4
. PH_M2.5x8mm_K 16 16
. PH_M2.5x12mm_K 0 20
. PH_T2.6x12mm_K 16 0
. PH_M2.5x16mm_K 4 4
. PH_M3x8mm_K 44 140
. NUT_M2 0 4
. NUT_M2.5 20 24
. NUT_M3 16 96
. Rivet_1 14 22
. Rivet_2 2 2
. Spacer 4 4
. Silicone Spacer 0 4
. Bracket 5 6
. Adapter Plate 1 1

* Raspberry Pi 3 Model B+ is applied since 2019. Earlier model is equipped with Raspberry Pi 3 Model B.
* Raspberry Pi 4 Model B is applied since 2021 September.
** LDS-02 is applied since 2022.

TurtleBot3 Waffle is discontinued due to the EOL of Intel® Joule™ 570x.

Open Source Hardware

Core components of Turtlebot3 are the followings: Chassis, Motors, Wheels, OpenCR, SBC, Sensors and Battery. The chassis are Waffle Plates that holds other components. The Waffle Plate plays an important role as a chassis although its size is as small as your palm. The Waffle Plate is manufactured with injection mold method to lower the manufacturing cost. However, the CAD data of Waffle Plate for 3D printing is also available via Onshape. Turtlebot3 Burger is a Two-wheeled differential drive type platform, but it is customizable structurally and mechanically in many ways: Segway, Tank, Bike, Trailer and so on.

The CAD data is released to the Onshape, which is a full-cloud 3D CAD editor. Get access through a web browser from your PC or from portable devices. Onshape allows drawing and assemblying parts with co-workers.