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Sample Code

MATLAB Protocol 1.0

Matlab Ping Protocol 1.0

%
% ping.m
%
%  Created on: 2016. 6. 7.
%      Author: Ryu Woon Jung (Leon)
%

%
% *********     Ping Example      *********
%
%
% Available Dynamixel model on this example : All models using Protocol 1.0
% This example is designed for using a Dynamixel MX-28, and an USB2DYNAMIXEL.
% To use another Dynamixel model, such as X series, see their details in E-Manual(support.robotis.com) and edit below variables yourself.
% Be sure that Dynamixel MX properties are already set as %% ID : 1 / Baudnum : 1 (Baudrate : 1000000 [1M])
%

clc;
clear all;

% Load Libraries
if ~libisloaded('dxl_x86_c');
    [notfound, warnings] = loadlibrary('dxl_x86_c', 'dynamixel_sdk.h', 'addheader', 'port_handler.h', 'addheader', 'packet_handler.h');
end

% Protocol version
PROTOCOL_VERSION                = 1.0;          % See which protocol version is used in the Dynamixel

% Default setting
DXL_ID                          = 1;            % Dynamixel ID: 1
BAUDRATE                        = 1000000;
DEVICENAME                      = 'COM1';       % Check which port is being used on your controller
                                                % ex) Windows: "COM1"   Linux: "/dev/ttyUSB0"

COMM_SUCCESS                    = 0;            % Communication Success result value
COMM_TX_FAIL                    = -1001;        % Communication Tx Failed

% Initialize PortHandler Structs
% Set the port path
% Get methods and members of PortHandlerLinux or PortHandlerWindows
port_num = portHandler(DEVICENAME);

% Initialize PacketHandler Structs
packetHandler();

dxl_comm_result = COMM_TX_FAIL;                 % Communication result

% Open port
if (openPort(port_num))
    fprintf('Succeeded to open the port!\n');
else
    unloadlibrary('dxl_x86_c');
    fprintf('Failed to open the port!\n');
    input('Press any key to terminate...\n');
    return;
end


% Set port baudrate
if (setBaudRate(port_num, BAUDRATE))
    fprintf('Succeeded to change the baudrate!\n');
else
    unloadlibrary('dxl_x86_c');
    fprintf('Failed to change the baudrate!\n');
    input('Press any key to terminate...\n');
    return;
end


% Try to ping the Dynamixel
% Get Dynamixel model number
dxl_model_number = pingGetModelNum(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION, DXL_ID);
if getLastTxRxResult(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION) ~= COMM_SUCCESS
    printTxRxResult(PROTOCOL_VERSION, getLastTxRxResult(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION));
elseif getLastRxPacketError(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION) ~= 0
    printRxPacketError(PROTOCOL_VERSION, getLastRxPacketError(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION));
end

fprintf('[ID:%03d] ping Succeeded. Dynamixel model number : %d\n', DXL_ID, dxl_model_number);


% Close port
closePort(port_num);

% Unload Library
unloadlibrary('dxl_x86_c');

close all;
clear all;

% Load Libraries
if ~libisloaded('dxl_x86_c');
    [notfound, warnings] = loadlibrary('dxl_x86_c', 'dynamixel_sdk.h', 'addheader', 'port_handler.h', 'addheader', 'packet_handler.h');
end

This example uses dynamixel library imported by loadlibrary().

% Protocol version
PROTOCOL_VERSION                = 1.0;          % See which protocol version is used in the Dynamixel

Dynamixel uses either or both protocols: Protocol 1.0 and Protocol 2.0. Choose one of the Protocol which is appropriate in the Dynamixel.

% Default setting
DXL_ID                          = 1;            % Dynamixel ID: 1
BAUDRATE                        = 1000000;
DEVICENAME                      = 'COM1';       % Check which port is being used on your controller
                                                % ex) Windows: "COM1"   Linux: "/dev/ttyUSB0"

Here we set some variables to let you freely change them and use them to run the example code.

As the document previously said in previous chapter, customize Dynamixel control table items, such as DXL_ID number, communication BAUDRATE, and the DEVICENAME, on your own terms of needs. In particular, BAUDRATE and DEVICENAME have systematical dependencies on your controller, so make clear what kind of communication method you will use.

COMM_SUCCESS                    = 0;            % Communication Success result value
COMM_TX_FAIL                    = -1001;        % Communication Tx Failed

Each of the variables above show the meaning of the communication result value.

% Initialize PortHandler Structs
% Set the port path
% Get methods and members of PortHandlerLinux or PortHandlerWindows
port_num = portHandler(DEVICENAME);

portHandler() function sets port path as DEVICENAME and get port_num, and prepares an appropriate functions for port control in controller OS automatically. port_num would be used in many functions in the body of the code to specify the port for use.

% Initialize PacketHandler Structs
packetHandler();

packetHandler() function initializes parameters used for packet construction and packet storing.

dxl_comm_result = COMM_TX_FAIL;                 % Communication result

dxl_comm_result indicates which error has been occurred during packet communication.

% Open port
if (openPort(port_num))
    fprintf('Succeeded to open the port!\n');
else
    unloadlibrary('dxl_x86_c');
    fprintf('Failed to open the port!\n');
    input('Press any key to terminate...\n');
    return;
end

First, controller opens #port_num port to do serial communication with the Dynamixel. If it fails to open the port, the example will be terminated.

% Set port baudrate
if (setBaudRate(port_num, BAUDRATE))
    fprintf('Succeeded to change the baudrate!\n');
else
    unloadlibrary('dxl_x86_c');
    fprintf('Failed to change the baudrate!\n');
    input('Press any key to terminate...\n');
    return;
end

Secondly, the controller sets the communication BAUDRATE at #port_num port opened previously.

% Try to ping the Dynamixel
% Get Dynamixel model number
dxl_model_number = pingGetModelNum(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION, DXL_ID);
if getLastTxRxResult(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION) ~= COMM_SUCCESS
    printTxRxResult(PROTOCOL_VERSION, getLastTxRxResult(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION));
elseif getLastRxPacketError(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION) ~= 0
    printRxPacketError(PROTOCOL_VERSION, getLastRxPacketError(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION));
end

pingGetModelNum() function orders to the #DXL_ID Dynamixel through #port_num port. Then, it receives the dxl_model_number. The function checks Tx/Rx result and receives Hardware error. getLastTxRxResult() function and getLastRxPacketError() function get either, and then printTxRxResult() function and printRxPacketError() function show results on the console window if any communication error or Hardware error has been occurred.

% Close port
closePort(port_num);

Finally, port becomes disposed.

% Unload Library
unloadlibrary('dxl_x86_c');

Unload the library to make it reaccessible.