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Sample Code

Python Protocol 2.0

Python Reboot Protocol 2.0

Sample code

#!/usr/bin/env python
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-

#
# rebooting.py
#
#  Created on: 2016. 6. 16.
#      Author: Ryu Woon Jung (Leon)
#

#
# *********     reboot Example      *********
#
#
# Available Dynamixel model on this example : All models using Protocol 2.0
# This example is designed for using a Dynamixel PRO 54-200, and an USB2DYNAMIXEL.
# To use another Dynamixel model, such as X series, see their details in E-Manual(support.robotis.com) and edit below variables yourself.
# Be sure that Dynamixel PRO properties are already set as %% ID : 1 / Baudnum : 3 (Baudrate : 1000000 [1M])
#

import os, sys

if os.name == 'nt':
    import msvcrt
    def getch():
        return msvcrt.getch().decode()
else:
    import tty, termios
    fd = sys.stdin.fileno()
    old_settings = termios.tcgetattr(fd)
    tty.setraw(sys.stdin.fileno())
    def getch():
        return sys.stdin.read(1)

os.sys.path.append('../dynamixel_functions_py')             # Path setting

import dynamixel_functions as dynamixel                     # Uses Dynamixel SDK library

# Protocol version
PROTOCOL_VERSION            = 2                             # See which protocol version is used in the Dynamixel

# Default setting
DXL_ID                      = 1                             # Dynamixel ID: 1
BAUDRATE                    = 1000000
DEVICENAME                  = "/dev/ttyUSB0".encode('utf-8')        # Check which port is being used on your controller
                                                            # ex) Windows: "COM1"   Linux: "/dev/ttyUSB0"

COMM_SUCCESS                = 0                             # Communication Success result value
COMM_TX_FAIL                = -1001                         # Communication Tx Failed

# Initialize PortHandler Structs
# Set the port path
# Get methods and members of PortHandlerLinux or PortHandlerWindows
port_num = dynamixel.portHandler(DEVICENAME)

# Initialize PacketHandler Structs
dynamixel.packetHandler()

dxl_comm_result = COMM_TX_FAIL                              # Communication result

# Open port
if dynamixel.openPort(port_num):
    print("Succeeded to open the port!")
else:
    print("Failed to open the port!")
    print("Press any key to terminate...")
    getch()
    quit()

# Set port baudrate
if dynamixel.setBaudRate(port_num, BAUDRATE):
    print("Succeeded to change the baudrate!")
else:
    print("Failed to change the baudrate!")
    print("Press any key to terminate...")
    getch()
    quit()

# Trigger
print("Press any key to reboot")
getch()

print("See the Dynamixel LED flickering")
# Try reboot
# Dynamixel LED will flicker while it reboots
dynamixel.reboot(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION, DXL_ID)
if dynamixel.getLastTxRxResult(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION) != COMM_SUCCESS:
    dynamixel.printTxRxResult(PROTOCOL_VERSION, dynamixel.getLastTxRxResult(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION))
elif dynamixel.getLastRxPacketError(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION) != 0:
    dynamixel.printRxPacketError(PROTOCOL_VERSION, dynamixel.getLastRxPacketError(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION))

print("[ID:%03d] reboot Succeeded" % (DXL_ID))

# Close port
dynamixel.closePort(port_num)

Details

import os, sys

if os.name == 'nt':
    import msvcrt
    def getch():
        return msvcrt.getch().decode()
else:
    import tty, termios
    fd = sys.stdin.fileno()
    old_settings = termios.tcgetattr(fd)
    tty.setraw(sys.stdin.fileno())
    def getch():
        return sys.stdin.read(1)

os.sys.path.append('../dynamixel_functions_py')             # Path setting

import dynamixel_functions as dynamixel                     # Uses Dynamixel SDK library

getch() gets the input which is for example code control.

os.sys.path.append() sets paths of function reference.

This example uses dynamixel_functions library as dynamixel imported from dynamixel_functions_py package.

# Protocol version
PROTOCOL_VERSION            = 2                             # See which protocol version is used in the Dynamixel

Dynamixel uses either or both protocols: Protocol 1.0 and Protocol 2.0. Choose one of the Protocol which is appropriate in the Dynamixel.

# Default setting
DXL_ID                      = 1                             # Dynamixel ID: 1
BAUDRATE                    = 1000000
DEVICENAME                  = "/dev/ttyUSB0".encode('utf-8')        # Check which port is being used on your controller
                                                            # ex) Windows: "COM1"   Linux: "/dev/ttyUSB0"

Here we set some variables to let you freely change them and use them to run the example code.

As the document previously said in previous chapter, customize Dynamixel control table items, such as DXL_ID number, communication BAUDRATE, and the DEVICENAME, on your own terms of needs. In particular, BAUDRATE and DEVICENAME have systematical dependencies on your controller, so make clear what kind of communication method you will use.

COMM_SUCCESS                = 0                             # Communication Success result value
COMM_TX_FAIL                = -1001                         # Communication Tx Failed

Each of the variables above show the meaning of the communication result value.

# Initialize PortHandler Structs
# Set the port path
# Get methods and members of PortHandlerLinux or PortHandlerWindows
port_num = dynamixel.portHandler(DEVICENAME)

portHandler() function sets port path as DEVICENAME and get port_num, and prepares an appropriate functions for port control in controller OS automatically. port_num would be used in many functions in the body of the code to specify the port for use.

# Initialize PacketHandler Structs
dynamixel.packetHandler()

packetHandler() function initializes parameters used for packet construction and packet storing.

dxl_comm_result = COMM_TX_FAIL                              # Communication result

dxl_comm_result indicates which error has been occurred during packet communication.

# Open port
if dynamixel.openPort(port_num):
    print("Succeeded to open the port!")
else:
    print("Failed to open the port!")
    print("Press any key to terminate...")
    getch()
    quit()

First, controller opens #port_num port to do serial communication with the Dynamixel. If it fails to open the port, the example will be terminated.

# Set port baudrate
if dynamixel.setBaudRate(port_num, BAUDRATE):
    print("Succeeded to change the baudrate!")
else:
    print("Failed to change the baudrate!")
    print("Press any key to terminate...")
    getch()
    quit()

Secondly, the controller sets the communication BAUDRATE at #port_num port opened previously.

# Try reboot
# Dynamixel LED will flicker while it reboots
dynamixel.reboot(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION, DXL_ID)
if dynamixel.getLastTxRxResult(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION) != COMM_SUCCESS:
    dynamixel.printTxRxResult(PROTOCOL_VERSION, dynamixel.getLastTxRxResult(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION))
elif dynamixel.getLastRxPacketError(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION) != 0:
    dynamixel.printRxPacketError(PROTOCOL_VERSION, dynamixel.getLastRxPacketError(port_num, PROTOCOL_VERSION))

reboot() function orders to the #DXL_ID Dynamixel through #port_num port, making it reboot. While rebooting, Dynamixel LED will flicker its light. The function checks Tx/Rx result and receives Hardware error. getLastTxRxResult() function and getLastRxPacketError() function get either, and then printTxRxResult() function and printRxPacketError() function show results on the console window if any communication error or Hardware error has been occurred.

# Close port
dynamixel.closePort(port_num)

Finally, port becomes disposed.